Eye plus or farsightedness is a vision disorder that makes it difficult for sufferers to see objects at close range. On the other hand, plus eye sufferers can see objects that are far away more clearly.
Plus eye vision disorders occur due to light entering the eye does not fall directly on the retina, but behind it. This is caused by an eyeball that is too short or an abnormal shape of the cornea or lens of the eye.
In addition, there are several other factors that can increase a person’s risk of suffering from plus eye, including:
- Having parents who suffer from eye plus
- Over 40 years old
- Suffering from diabetes
- Have eye disorders, such as small eye syndrome (microphthalmia) and abnormalities of the iris (aniridia)
- Have a tumor around the eye
Not only that, a woman who has a habit of smoking during pregnancy can also increase the risk of her child experiencing eye plus later.
Various Ways to Overcome Eye Plus
To overcome the plus eye, it takes a first examination by an ophthalmologist. Your doctor can determine whether you have plus eye or not through a visual acuity test.
If the results of the visual acuity test show that you suffer from plus eye, the doctor will perform a retinoscopy examination to see the condition of the retina of the eye and determine the appropriate treatment.
Here are some ways to deal with plus eyes:
1. Wearing glasses
Using glasses is the simplest way to treat plus eyes. Glasses can bend light so that it falls on the retina of the eye. Thus, the vision will become clearer.
The shape and color of the glasses can be chosen as desired. However, you still need to follow an eyeglass prescription from your doctor when buying glasses. This is important so that the type and size of glasses fits your eye condition.
2. Using contact lenses
If you feel uncomfortable wearing glasses, you can use contact lenses to treat plus eye. Just like glasses, contact lenses also aim to focus light onto the retina for clearer vision.
However, contact lenses are generally more expensive than glasses and require more careful care. Improper use of contact lenses can actually trigger eye health problems, ranging from minor eye irritation, eye infections, and even blindness.
Therefore, it is recommended that you ask your doctor first about how to use and care for contact lenses before deciding to use them.
3. Undergo surgery
In addition to using glasses and contact lenses, plus eye can also be treated with refractive surgery procedures. Refractive surgery aims to repair the cornea of the eye permanently. Thus, the patient’s dependence on glasses or contact lenses can be reduced.
To maintain eye health while preventing eye plus from getting worse, you need to take eye care, such as wearing sunglasses when doing outdoor activities, avoiding staring at gadget screens for too long, and having regular eye exams at least once every 1-2 years.
If you have any questions about how to treat plus eye or have plus eye vision problems and want to improve it, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor for advice and appropriate treatment.