Severe hair loss can lead to baldness. There are times when the baldness forms a certain pattern, for example resembling the letter M if the baldness only occurs in the temple area, or round if it occurs on the top of the head only.
This condition often occurs in men. However, it is possible that women can also experience it.
Causes of Baldness
About 100 strands of hair will fall out every day. However, this does not cause baldness, because new hair will grow at the same time. New baldness will occur when hair growth is disrupted or hair follicles are damaged.
There are several things that can cause baldness, including:
  • Genetic or hereditary factors
  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain conditions or diseases, such as malnutrition, syphilis, anemia, thyroid disorders, and fungal infections of the head
  • Post-surgery recovery or serious illness
  • Side effects of certain medications or supplements
  • Undergoing radiation therapy or chemotherapy
  • Heavy stress
  • Use of hair care products or styling hair in a certain style
The causes of this baldness can vary from person to person. Treatment for baldness will vary, depending on the cause.
How to Overcome Baldness
Baldness can interfere with a person’s self-confidence, and may affect his social life and productivity. Therefore, it is important to understand how to deal with baldness, before it expands.
Here are some ways to prevent and treat baldness:
1. Meet the nutritional intake for hair
Protein, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, biotin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and vitamin D are important to nourish and maintain hair strength. These nutrients can be met by consuming meat, fish, eggs, milk, and soybeans every day.
In addition, also consume a variety of healthy foods every day, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats.
2. Reduce the use of hair styling tools
Straighteners, hair dryers, and fine-toothed combs can exacerbate hair loss and baldness. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid overusing these tools.
Also avoid shampooing too often and combing hair that is still wet, because it can cause hair loss.
3. Taking certain drugs
Some types of drugs, such as minoxidil or finasteride, can also be a way to treat baldness. Of course its use must be prescribed by a doctor in order to minimize the risks or side effects.
4. Style your hair in a different way
A different hairstyle might be a way to deal with baldness. You can consult a hair stylist to find a hairstyle that can disguise baldness or make hair look thicker.
5. Wearing a wig
Wigs can be used especially if the baldness experienced is severe. The selection of this wig can be adjusted to the desired color, texture, and hairstyle.
6. Relieves stress
One way to prevent hair loss is to relieve stress. Stress can increase inflammation in the body and affect hormones, causing hair loss.
In addition, there are times when baldness is caused by psychological disorders, such as depression. To help overcome baldness related to psychological problems like this, counseling with a psychiatrist or psychologist is needed.
7. Do a hair transplant
Hair transplantation is done by removing hair from a fertile area and then implanting it into a bald area. This method is permanent and looks natural. However, the cost is quite expensive.
To determine the exact cause of hair loss and baldness, it is necessary to consult a doctor. The doctor will assess the severity of the hair loss, see the pattern of baldness, and may perform additional tests, such as blood tests and a scalp biopsy, to determine the cause of the baldness.
After the cause is known, the doctor will determine the best treatment steps to treat baldness.