A common cause of vomiting is a viral infection that includes norovirus, rotavirus, or adenovirus. However, this disease can also be caused by parasitic or bacterial infections, such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella.
Recognize the Symptoms of Vomiting
Vomiting can be transmitted in many ways, such as direct contact with an infected person when shaking hands, consuming food or water contaminated with germs, and not washing hands after using the bathroom or before eating.
After being infected with the germs that cause vomiting, there are several symptoms that can appear, namely:
The main symptom of vomiting is diarrhea. Inflammation due to infection causes the intestines to not absorb water properly. This excess water will make the stool texture more liquid, causing diarrhea. In addition, these symptoms are sometimes accompanied by abdominal pain or abdominal cramps.
2. Nausea and vomiting
Not only diarrhea, other main symptoms of vomiting are nausea and vomiting. This condition makes the body vulnerable to lack of fluids and nutrients so that sufferers are at risk of dehydration and electrolyte disturbances.
Fever is the body’s natural response when dealing with inflammation due to infection with germs that cause vomiting. This condition is usually characterized by an increased body temperature and excessive sweating.
In addition to fever, vomiting symptoms are also often accompanied by headaches. This condition can also cause pain around the eye area. Not infrequently headaches that appear cause a decrease in consciousness to fainting.
People with vomiting will also feel weak due to symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea that cause nutritional intake is not met properly. This makes the body lack of energy so that it feels weak, especially if forced to move.
One of the conditions that you need to be aware of when experiencing vomiting is dehydration due to the large amount of fluid that comes out through vomiting and diarrhea. Immediately see a doctor if signs of dehydration appear, such as:
- Dry mouth and lips
- Dry skin
- Sunken eyes
- Sunken fontanel in children under 2 years old
- Excessive thirst
- Frequency of urination and reduced amount of urine
How to Overcome and Prevent Vomiting
Vomiting usually goes away on its own without the need for special drugs. It’s just that this disease can deplete a lot of fluids and electrolytes in the body, so it is important to meet the body’s fluid needs so as not to become dehydrated.
In addition to water, you can also consume electrolyte drinks to maintain electrolyte balance in the body. Consumption of these drinks is also believed to overcome nausea.
People with vomiting who show symptoms of severe dehydration require hospitalization through intravenous fluids or infusions. The doctor will also monitor the electrolyte status in the body.
When experiencing vomiting, you need to get enough rest and eat light and soft foods such as porridge and soup. In addition, avoid taking anti-vomiting and diarrhea medications without a doctor’s recommendation.
In addition to knowing how to deal with vomiting, it is also important to understand how to prevent vomiting. Here are some steps you can take:
- Wash hands with soap and running water
- Avoid consuming raw food
- Eat healthy and nutritious food
- Keep your home environment clean and frequently touched objects, such as doorknobs
By recognizing the symptoms of vomiting and taking the various precautions above, you will also avoid the transmission of vomiting. However, if you experience the symptoms mentioned above, especially accompanied by symptoms of dehydration, immediately consult a doctor so that treatment can be done immediately.