Pain or cramping around the abdomen, lower back, and thighs is a common complaint during menstruation. This complaint is a sign that the uterine muscles are contracting to expel the shed lining of the uterine wall.
In addition to abdominal pain, some other symptoms that are usually felt during menstruation are nausea, vomiting, headaches, and diarrhea. The emergence of these various symptoms is more often experienced by women under the age of 30 years, just starting menstruation, or there is a history of menstrual pain in the family.
Although still relatively mild and temporary, sometimes abdominal pain during menstruation can also interfere with activities. Therefore, an appropriate and safe way is needed to overcome it.
Various Ways to Overcome Abdominal Pain During Menstruation
The following are some options for dealing with abdominal pain during menstruation that you can try:
1. Using a warm compress
Putting something warm on the stomach can be an effective and safe way to deal with abdominal pain during menstruation. This step is believed to be able to relax the uterine muscles that cause abdominal cramps during menstruation.
In addition, warm compresses can also increase blood circulation in the stomach so that pain is reduced. Several studies have shown that this method is as effective as painkillers in treating abdominal pain during menstruation.
How to do a warm compress is very easy. You can use a bottle filled with warm water or a towel soaked in warm water. In addition, you can also use a heat patch or a special warm plaster to treat abdominal pain during menstruation.
2. Using aromatherapy oils
Massage therapy for 20 minutes using aromatherapy oil can also be an option to treat abdominal pain during menstruation. Some aromatherapy oils to try are lavender or peppermint. You can massage in circular motions on the abdomen, waist, and back.
3. Avoid certain foods
During menstruation, you should avoid foods that cause flatulence, such as fatty foods, as well as fizzy, alcoholic, or caffeinated drinks. Reducing or limiting these foods and drinks can relieve stomach cramps and reduce tension in the muscles around the stomach.
Instead, you can try drinking warm drinks that can soothe the stomach, such as ginger tea, chamomile tea, or peppermint tea.
4. Exercise regularly
Many studies have shown that regular exercise, such as low to moderate intensity aerobic exercise, can reduce pain caused by menstrual cramps.
Therefore, try to start exercising at least 30 minutes every day. Some types of exercise that you can try doing are cycling, brisk walking, jogging, zumba, or yoga.
5. Taking painkillers
The way to deal with abdominal pain during menstruation can also be by taking pain relievers that are sold freely in pharmacies, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. However, to stay safe, make sure you take the drug according to the instructions for use or advice from a doctor.
Now, you already know the various ways to deal with abdominal pain during menstruation. In addition to doing the methods above, don’t forget to always get enough sleep and rest as well as your body’s fluid needs by drinking at least 8 glasses of water every day.
Although it is a normal complaint, severe abdominal pain during menstruation also needs to be watched out for. If the pain you experience is so severe that it interferes with your daily activities, consult a doctor immediately. Because the pain can be a sign of a more serious medical condition.